HS Spring Instrumental Concert Bake Sale

On April 18th (Fri.), the Tohoku team held a bake sale during the intermission, and before and after the HS Spring Instrumental Concert. In order to raise money for the people who were greatly affected by the Tohoku tsunami and earthquake, I made cupcakes. In total, I made ten cupcakes. Half were plain and the other half had small chocolate chips in it. In order to make the plain cupcakes, I had to make the base first.  I mixed flour, egg and milk with a whisk and mixed it for 10 minutes. Then, I made the creamy butter by melting the butter, mixing it with milk and putting a bit of sugar until it was sweet and creamy. Making the butter took  30 minutes. Then, I mixed the base and the butter and stirred it with the whisk for another 10 minutes. Then, pouring all of the mixture neatly in the cups took 1o minutes. While the plain cupcakes were baking in the oven, I made the chocolate cupcakes. I repeated the process again but added the small chocolate chips which took an additional 10 more minutes. When I put the cupcakes in the oven and they were just right, I packaged them neatly and stuck on cute, easter stickers which took 20 minutes. Therefore in total, I took approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes. I think the bake sale was a great way to raise money and support the Tohoku people and I felt really good to know that I was helping the people.

My cupcakes!!

My cupcakes!!

HS Spring Instrumental Concert

On April 18th (Fri.), the HS Spring Instrumental Concert was held and the HS Orchestra, Symphonic Winds/ Jazz Ensemble and the concert band performed several pieces.  I was able to play “Bacchanale” with the HS orchestra and it was a great privilige for me to be able to perform in the concert. Although it took a lot of effort and time, it really payed off and the performance was a great success! I really loved the piece as it was very energetic and powerful. As part of the ‘special guests’, Mr. Cook (french horn), a few MS students and Mr. Shirai (violin) played as well. When I first saw Mr. Shirai during rehearsal, I was wondering why he felt awfully similar. I was thinking to myself until I realized who he was. He was the cashier! I was so surprised that I almost fell off my chair! His wife, Mrs. Shirai played the harpsichord during the Allegro of Brandenburg Concerto No.3 (abridged) by Johann S. Bach. I also loved the piece “Nimrod” by Edward Elgar arranged  by M. Bender. It was a beautiful piece and the melody was very soothing.

HS Orchestra & 'Special Guests' playing Bacchanale

HS Orchestra & ‘Special Guests’ playing Bacchanale

Ms. Shirai playing the harpsichord

Ms. Shirai playing the harpsichord

My favourite piece which was played by the Jazz Ensemble was “Beyond The Sea” as I had heard it a lot of times and it was really jazzy! I also loved “Walkin’ the Dawg“. It was a really cool piece and I felt like dancing around!! Mr. O’Kane played the Electric Bass and he made the piece much more jazzier and it was very enjoyable!

Walkin' The Dawg

Walkin’ The Dawg

Finally to wrap up the concert, the HS orchestra played “Andromeda” which was absolutely wonderful. Andromeda is a name of a constellation and the piece reminded me of the wide universe.



Owing to Ms. Constantini and Mr. Vest and of course the musicians, it was a great success and congratulations to the seniors! I really think being able to play with HS orchestra was a great opportunity and again, I would like to thank Ms. Constantini. Thank you so much!!!

Culture Night

On Thursday, it was Culture Night and it was a very exciting event! It took an incredible amount of time and effort to prepare for it so it was a little tiring. However, it was very enjoyable as it felt good to present all the work we did. For math, Gry and I made a presentation powerpoint in which we combined the information for the four groups Government, Religion, Art & Architecture and Commerce & Leisure. Owing to Mr. Okada, who managed the slides, I was able to successfully present and give the speech. Thank you so much Mr. Okada!!!!

Click here to see the powerpoint we made!

Click here to see the script of my speech!

Click here to see the video of me presenting

My group which was G0vernment had to come up with the number and time systems of Charamba. In order to do so, we had to be very creative and also be thoughtful of how realistic the ideas were. In order to be able to discuss about possible ideas and to do our work quickly, we discussed on a document outside school and although it took a lot of time and effort to complete all the work, we felt extremely proud of ourselves when we finished it.

Math Speech at Culture Night

Math Speech at Culture Night

In order to explain the number and time systems well with visuals, I made posters about how the number system and the time system worked in Charamba. The pictures below are the pictures of the posters I made.

Charambian Number System Poster

Charambian Number System Poster

Charambian Time System Poster

Charambian Time System Poster

In P.E., we created our own original dance and although sometimes creating moves and memorizing all of the moves was challenging, we practiced a lot and we were able to dance confidently at Culture Night. It was very enjoyable and I would like to thank Mr. Wilson and Ms. Ayumi for helping us during the process. Also, thank you Ms. Nishizawa for helping us during the face-painting and Ms. Sugiyama for taking the videos for the skits.

Dancing at Culture Night!

Dancing at Culture Night!

Click here to see us dancing!

In English, we created our own Charambian myths that were related to our topic. For example, I was in the Government group and therefore I wrote about why there are six leaders for each district. Creating the myth was very enjoyable and owing to Mr. Smailes and his detailed check of my story, I was able to create a good myth. Below is the link to the myth I wrote. I hope you enjoy it!


At Culture Night, we also held a Reader’s Theatre and we presented a myth. It was really exciting and I really enjoyed telling the myth.

Reader's Theatre at Culture Night

Reader’s Theatre at Culture Night

For science, we learnt how constellations and the night sky were associated with different cultures and learnt how people from all around the world viewed the beautiful night sky. Learning about the constellations and looking at the Planetarium was very fascinating and I had a lot of fun. Also, I really enjoyed looking at the colourful lights that Mr. Vest let us see as a treat. My table group made a poster about “Pisces”, a constellation that was important to the Charambian tribe.

Pisces Poster

Pisces Poster

In Humanities, we created the Charambian culture from scratch and although sometimes it was challenging as we had to be creative and create our own, unique culture, it was very, very enjoyable and it was extremely exciting to be able to present our own indigenous culture at Culture Night. Also, researching about what cultures did in the past was very interesting.

Click here to read my “The Government of Ancient Times” essay!

Below is the picture of the poster I made.

The Government of Ancient Times Poster

The Government of Ancient Times Poster

In Design, we made an artifact that was related to our topic. As I was in the Government group, I made a box called “Chakampa” that was used to determine which leader was responsibe for which village’s finance etc.

My Design Project!

My Design Project!

Owing to Mr. Mayhew and Mrs. Smailes’ guidance, I was able to make a well-made project and poster and also write a good research paper. Also as Mr. Mayhew gave us lots of useful tips when giving speeches and practiced a lot, it really payed off and I was able to confidently speak.

Again, I would like to thank Mr. Okada, Mr. Wilson, Ms. Ayumi, Ms. Nishizawa, Mrs. Smailes, Ms. Sugiyama, Mr. Smailes, Mr. Vest and finally, Mr. Mayhew for organizing the whole event and other members who helped with the stage light. Thank you!!!!

Yumi’s Dance Performance 2014



When choreographing our culture dance for the Charambian culture, we put in a lot of creative and original moves such as the snow leopard claws. As snow leopards are sacred animals that represent the Charambian government, we put in the clawing moves. Also as the Charamba river is sacred, we put in the fish moves. Choreographing our own dance was very enjoyable and I really enjoyed dancing to the beat with colourful lights at Culture Night. Althought it was fun, it was sometimes hard to memorize all of the dance moves.

Also, some dance moves were challenging and to make it perfect, we had to practice a lot of times. However overall, it was very enjoyable and I think the dance was a great success owing to Mr. Wilson and Ms. Ayumi who guided us through the process and my group members Unnati, Jayson and Zachary. Thank you!!!

Dancing at Culture Night!

Dancing at Culture Night!


Click here to view my Culture Night Dance

Click here to see the story-board!

Ski Trip Science One World Essay

Ski Trip Science One World Essay Grade 6:

Did we experience science on our ski trip?

Transportation, Geography and Science:

On Wednesday 12th February at 07:30, we were all assembled at CA ready to ski and of course have a lot fun during the three days of the ski trip. We had suitcases and bags packed with what we needed during the trip. Of course I also had my big bag of sweeties!! We boarded the bus and left the school at 07:45 sharp. We were very chatty and we waved to our mothers and siblings to say good bye. Everyone was very, very excited. On our way to the airport, my friends and I played Uno and we  chatted about how excited we were.

We arrived at the airport at around 08:30. There, we checked in our bags and went through security check. When it was 10:00 our flight time, we were on the airplane with our seatbelts on. After the flight attendant announced that we were about to move, the airplane started to move. Gradually, it increased speed until it was moving at full speed on the ground. The movement in which the plane moves forward is ‘Thrust’.

Science and Me

A few seconds later, the airplane suddenly lifted and my stomach lurched a bit. It felt like my stomach floated for a few milliseconds. That was the ‘Lift’. It was an awkward but exhilarating moment! In order to both go forward and lift, the force of ‘Lift’ has to be greater than ‘Weight/ Gravity’ and the force of ‘Thrust’ has to be equal or greater. During the flight, I started to feel pressure and discomfort in my ears. An inflammation of the ear was caused by drastic changes in the atmospheric pressure, including changes in altitude and air pressure. You can also experience the same feeling when climbing high mountains and going scuba diving. It is called ‘Barotitis Media’.

Ear buzzing or ear pain associated with flying is due to unequal pressure between your middle ear and the cabin of the airplane. Your eardrum bulges outward or retracts inward during the inflammation. When you swallow, yawn or chew something, the eustachian tube inside your ear opens and allows air to flow into or out of your middle ear, which enables it to equalize the pressure.

Hidden Science

During the flight to Sendai, Yamagata airport I noticed that the bag of sweeties and some other snacks were like a balloon. It had expanded and therefore, it took a lot of time to open the bags as we were scared it might pop. When we get further from sea level, the air gets thinner. When riding on a plane, they keep the air inside thicker than the air outside so you can breathe without trouble. However, it is still thinner than on the ground. Therefore, the bag swelled as the pressure inside stayed the same but the pressure outside dropped.

Obvious Science

 We rode the gondola up to the very top of the mountain and observed evidence of deposition when we observed the snow monsters. Deposition is the process of changing from a gas to solid without melting into liquid. In contrast, Sublimation is the process of a solid turning into gas without turning into liquid. In the case of the snow monsters, the ice (blocks of frozen snow) turned into gas without melting into liquid (water).

During the trip, it was snowing most of the time and it was a great experience as in Kobe, snow is rarely seen. Snowflakes are made out of crystals or ice crystals that form inside clouds. The basic structure of snowflakes is the crystal lattice. The crystal lattice is the formation of the arrangement of water molecules. The snowflake’s shape is determined by the conditions (humidity and temperature) under which it is formed.

The process in which snowflakes are formed is at the beginning in the sky at super cold temperatures such as below 40 degrees celsius, the water vapor inside clouds condenses directly into ice. Then at a temperature between 40 and 0 degrees celsius, the water vapor condenses onto dust particles, making tiny droplets that freeze. Then as it falls towards earth, it starts to form its unique details.

The colder the temperature is, the sharper the tips of the crystal will be. The warmer the temperature is, it is the opposite. The ice crystals grow slower, making more subtle shapes. The ice crystals grow faster when it is warmer as the movement of molecules is more intense.

 Generally, snowflakes form in simpler shapes when humidity is low and more complex shapes when humidity is high. The structure of the snowflake continues to grow and change as it falls towards Earth. During the time falls towards Earth, the shape is not perfect as the wind and the atmosphere have affected the shape.

Although snowflakes have the same molecular structure, not one snowflake is the same as another and so they are all unique. There are many types of snowflake structures such as ‘Stellar Plates’, ‘Capped Columns’, ‘Sectored Plates’, ‘Triangular Crystals’, ‘Double Plates’, ‘Fernlike Stellar Dendrites’. ‘Stellar Dendrites’ and ‘Twelve-Sided Snowflakes’.

Science and Your Environment

Earth is warming up… It is warming up at a very fast rate. It is warming, warming and warming… It is called Global Warming. Due to global warming, the ice and glaciers are melting and the water level of the sea is rising. Also, the temperature of the sea is rising, pushing to extinction those species of animals that cannot adapt. For example, the coral in the sea is dying and the survival of many species of marine animals is at stake. Also, it greatly affects the polar bears as the habitat (ice and glaciers) of seals is collapsing and therefore, the number of seals are decreasing. That leads to the hunger of polar bears and eventually, it will be disrupt the ecosystem and it might be very dangerous.

Due to the rising of the water level, floods occur frequently. It is also shifting precipitation patterns and it is feared that it will be uneven. The main cause of global warming is the harmful substances some things emit. The chlorine atoms in sprays, greenhouse gases, chemical fertilizers, fossil fuels and other pollutants etc. destroy the ozone layer and that causes global warming. Also, carbon dioxide and other global warming pollutants are collecting in the atmosphere like a huge, thick blanket, trapping the sun’s heat which causes the planet to warm up. We are greatly impacting the environment in various ways and I think we should be grateful for the nature and preserving a good environment is essential. We can do so by preventing deforestation and recycling. Together, we can do it.


The ski trip not only helped me improve on my skiing skills, it also grasped my interest in the field of skiing and all the science related to it. When researching for this essay, I learnt a lot of things and I think ski trip science is absolutely wonderful. Finally, thank you so much all the teachers and staffs who supported us during the ski trip!!

Self Assessment 5- I think I have connected well how the ski trip was related to science. I put in lots of pictures that support the text. I have commented on how we impact the environment and all the relevant details and facts about ski trip science. I have used appropriate scientific language. I have put a reference page and gave credit. I think have organized all the information well.

¡Países alrededor del mundo!- Countries Around the World!!

Para el primer proyecto en español, hemos aprendido cómo decir el nombre de los países y nacionalidades. Hicimos carteles sobre los países y por debajo es la imagen de póster.

Creo que me fue muy bien en el cartel y fue muy interesante ver cómo los nombres de los países vieron y parecían muy diferentes en inglés.


For the very first project in Spanish, we learnt how to say the name of countries and nationalities. We made posters about the countries and below is the picture of my poster.

2014-02-04 10.47.20

I think I did very well on the poster and it was very interesting to see how the names of the countries looked and seemed very different than in English.


PSA Poster

For our design project, we made a PSA (Public Service Announcement) poster. We had to focus on the basic principles of design- Alignment, Contrast and Repetition. The PSA poster was about encouraging positive behaviour in the local community.

The poster had to be an attractive, graphically pleasing poster remembering that giving credit for any artwork or image which is not ours is very important. Also, it had to contain a strong, focused message. I had to carry an impact on the readers and at the same time, be short and easy to understand. Lastly it had to be effective in a Japanese environment because most members of the community do not speak English.

Below is the PSA poster I made:

Screen Shot 2014-01-16 at 6.33.16 PM

I think my PSA poster will be effective in the community as it is short and clear with pictures that support my message. In order to improve my PSA poster, I think I should make my poster stand out more so it is recognisable anywhere. Although it was challenging to include all of the elements in my artwork, I think it was very enjoyable being creative and  thinking of ways to encourage CA students to act appropriately in the community.


How to Add Mixed Numbers

In order to be able to add mixed fractions, you will have to follow the process below. For example, if the equation you want to find out the answer to is:

    \[ 1\frac{1}{2}+2\frac{5}{6} \]

The method in order to answer the equation is:

1. First, add the whole numbers. In this case, you add 1 and 2 which is 3. Leave the 3 until later.

2. Next, convert the two leftover fractions into improper fractions. In this case, the equation will be:

    \[ \frac{1}{2}+\frac{5}{6} \]

3.  Next, convert the denominators into the same numbers. In order to do so, you will have to find out the LCM (Least Common Multiple) of the two numbers. In this case, the LCM is  6. Therefore, it will be like the equation below:

    \[ \frac{3}{6}+\frac{5}{6}=\frac{8}{6} \]

4. The sum is an improper fraction. Therefore, simplifying it to a mixed number is necessary.

    \[ 1\frac{2}{6} \]

Which when simplified further, is:

    \[ 1\frac{1}{3} \]

5. When producing the final answer, you have to add the 3, which was left at the start to the sum. Therefore, the equation will be:

    \[ 1\frac{1}{3}+3=4\frac{1}{3} \]

6. You’re done! The final answer is:

    \[ 4\frac{1}{3} \]


Personal Landscape Narratives

For our final assessment, we made a scrapbook about how our experiences changed us. We wrote narratives about important events of our life and how they changed our characteristics or shaped us.

Some comments I got were:

‘You have used at least two dialogue, simile and metaphor.’

‘The pictures helped me pinpoint locations. I really liked how you decorated the pages! It made me want to read all of the narratives.’

‘I really enjoyed your pictures! I also liked your little sentences with the picture!:) I liked your titles in each narrative!’

‘The pictures and decorations made your scrapbook even more interesting! It was a really enjoyable scrapbook!’

‘I liked your stories and design. I also liked your pictures. Your writing has a lot of memory and good vocabulary to describe what you were feeling. Great Job!’

Mr. Smailes’ Feedback

‘Thanks for sharing your narratives with me! You were (are) so cute in the photos!’

‘Some of your narratives are a listing of events or experiences, rather than a focused event with a clear exposition/ rising action/ climax/ resolution.

It was really interesting to see other people’s feedback about my scrapbook. I think as everyone said, I did a good job decorating my scrapbook and making it look nice. Although most of my narratives are easy to understand, some of my stories are a listing of events and experiences. Also in order to improve my scrapbook, including a 3D object in my scrapbook might be a good idea as it will help make it more unique and creative.