My research question was ‘How did the development of the factory system and changes in labor affect individuals and the community’. I researched about the industrial revolution and focused on factories & labor. I investigated on three concepts; conditions and the dangers in factories, water-powered machines such as the Water Frame by Richard Arkwright, and the steam engine by Thomas Newcomen. I learnt how the changes of the labor system over time affected individuals and the society. The factory system brought many advantages such as increased production but there were dark sides to the industrial revolution. Child labor was a huge issue and many children under 13 were forced to work for very long hours in horrendous environments. My essay also talks about the changes affecting individuals and the society as many inventions were made.